India has many crimes affecting the society in the present time among which child labor is the most prevalent and the most distressing issue.
Child labor is a complex issue that includes premature adulthood of children below the age of 14. This implies that children are deprived of the joy and freedom of childhood by being forced to work like an adult for long hours. These children are involved in various kinds of low wage jobs like mining, embroidering, weaving, roadside selling, cleaning in offices and homes, and as helpers in a construction project. The meaningful education, training opportunities, and learning process that would otherwise help them be better citizens are all deprived of, leaving them with empty-hands. All this directly hampers their well-being in terms of their physical, emotional, and mental development.
As per the research and studies by the Indian Government it is revealed that the current figure related to the child labor issue is around 90 million but sadly the unofficial figure exceeds 100 million. With such a high figure of child labor in the country, isnt India highly corrupted? Dont these children have the right to education and a stress free childhood? If yes then why are they being deprived of the basic needs and joys of life?
Its high time that everyone should march ahead with the Indian Government to combat the issue. Till date there are various measures and acts taken against this serious problem in the country. In the year 2006 the government introduced a law that banned child labor for domestic purposes. Even before that various efforts were taken and many laws were established like the 1986 Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act that was further revised in 1989. Despite of all these attempts and efforts, the government is still not able to eradicate this problem from the roots. Infact the present day situation reveals that India remains the worlds worst offender in the arena as a number of children across the country are living a pathetic and distressing life. Even then the government statistics reveal that India is losing the battle against child labor. Is it so? Is India really losing this battle and snatching the right to a stress-free childhood from millions of children of the country?
The major determinants of child labor are poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, and slow enforcement of the law. These factors have actually given a back seat to all the efforts and measures government is taking to combat the issue. Keeping into consideration the determining factors, government has to take strict actions against child labor or else human life in the country will become worst with every passing year. Strong will and stern determination on the part of law enforcement should be compounded with strict measures and compulsory education for all to ensure a crime-free India.